Uzbekistan + Tajikistan
Termez is a city in southern Uzbekistan near the border with Afghanistan. The city was named by Greeks who came with Alexander the Great. Termez means "hot place" (Thermo or Thermos) in Greek "hot" or. It is still the hottest point of Uzbekistan. It has a population of 140,404 (1 January 2005) and is the capital of the province Surxondaryo. Its most famous native son is Al-Tirmidhi, born in its suburb Bugh and buried in 60 kilometers north of Termez, on the outskirts of Sherobod. He is know locally as Iso At Termezi or Termez Ota (Father of Termez City). Al Khakim On Termizi, one of the famous Sufi leader is buried in the suburds of Termez. He is also know as Termez Ota (Father of Termez City).
The river Amu Darya separates the two countries and the "Bridge of appeasement" or Afghanistan-Uzbekistan Friendship Bridge is the only way to Afghanistan.An ancient settlement was discovered near Termez, which was populated Bactrain the Greek rule in the time (3 -. 2nd century BC). It was the center of Buddhism in the period of Kushans (1st-2nd c. CE) When Arabs came (in the 7th-8th c.) Has the city the center of Islam. Said Baraka was Amir Temur teacher from ancient Termez. Said Baraka was a philosopher, war strategic and religious nobleman. While Amir Timur time Termez continued to prosper, but it was at the end of the 17th Century destroyed.
Arrival to Tashkent airport. Meeting at the airport and transfer to hotel. Dinner at the hotel or restaurant.
Breakfast at hotel. HY morning flight to Urgench. Transfer to Khiva (30 km) and accommodation at the hotel. Sightseeing tour with a visit to Khiva Kunya-Ark fortress, including Kurinish Khana (17c), Muhammad Amin Khan (19c) madrasa, Islam Khodja Minaret; Palvan-Kari complex, Abd Al Bobo complex (18c), Rafanek Madrassah , Rakim Muhammad Khan (19c), Amir-Tur Madrassah, Sho-I Bobo Mausoleum Kalandar. Uch Avlioli ("Three Kings") mausoleum, Jami Mosque (18c), Kutluq Murad Inaq (19c) madrasa, Pakhlavan Mahmoud Mausoleum, Tash Hovli ("Steinhofgründe") Palace, Alla-Kuli Khan (18c), Arab Muhammad Khan (18c) madrassahs. Dinner at a local restaurant.
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to Bukhara via Kyzylkum desert 480 km. Lunch boxes on the track. Overnight at hotel. Dinner.
Breakfast at hotel. Sightseeing tour in Bukhara with a visit to Ismael Samani mausoleum (9-10c)-vault of Bukhara rulers dynasty, Chashma-Ayub Mausoleum (14 c) to Registan Ensemble, Ark Fortress (16c) and Bolo-Hauz complex (18 c) Visit . Visit the Old Bukhara: Poli-Kalon ensemble including Minaret (12c), Mosque (15c), the functioning Madrassah Miri-Arab (16 c), Amir Alim Khan Madrassah (14c), Taqi (trading domes), Kukeldash ( 16c), Beg Lyab-i-Hauz (17c), Nadir Divanbegi (17c), Magoki Attari (16c), Ulug (15c), Abdul Aziz (17c) madrassahs. Visit the medieval monuments: Gur-Emir Mausoleum (15c), Registan Ensemble (including Ulugbek (15c), Shir Dor (17c), Tillya-Kari madrassahs (17c)), Bibi Khanum Mosque. Dinner.
Breakfast at hotel. Trnsfer to Samarkand. Overnight at hotel. City tour in Samarkand with a visit to Shahi-Zinda necropolis (14-15c), "Stars above Samarkand" - Ulugbek observatory (15c), "Ruins of Afrasiab" - the excavations and the museum of the ancient town (6 BC-13 AD). Dinner.
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to the Tajikistan border. Checkpoint and the border crossing formalities. Transfer to the trip for Penjikent. Lunch in Penjikent local cafes. Transfer back to Samarkand. Take the trip to Samarkand, visiting medieval monuments: Gur-Emir Mausoleum (15c), Registan Ensemble (including Ulugbek (15c), Shir Dor (17c), Tillya-Kari madrassahs (17c)), Bibi Khanum Mosque. Dinner at a local restaurant and cafes.
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to Tashkent. Overnight at hotel. City tour with a visit to Tashkent Kukeldash, Shashi Shashi Mausoleum, Barak Khan Madrassah, Mosque of Imam Khasty Street to Chor-Su (handicraft bazaar), Navoi theater square and visit. Amir Temur Monument and Square, Independence Square, Halqlar Do'stligi Square. Dinner.
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to the airport. Departure.
• Visa: To obtain an entry visa to Uzbekistan, you need visa support letter to each Consulate of Uzbekistan, which is available in your area apply. We will arrange a visa support letter for you. For this we need the copies of your passport and certificates of employment. • Guide: the main tour price includes the services of a professional English speaking guide escort Assistant • Transportation: We offer A / C vehicle for whole trip for all group sizes. • cancellation fees: Cancellation last 30 days - no penalty cancellation 15 days before charging - 50% cancellation penalty before 1 Calculated day - 100% penalty charged
Bukhara is one of the oldest towns of the Republic of Uzbekistan, on a sacred mountain, the place where victims of fire-worshipers in the spring have been removed. This city was mentioned in a holy book "Avesto". Bukhara is the 13th cBC be founded during the reign Siyavushids which came to power 980 years before Alexander the Great. The name of Bukhara originates from the word "vihara" which means "monastery" in Sanskrit. The city was once a major trading center on the Great Silk Road.
Bukhara lies west of Samarkand and was once a center of learning in the Islamic world famous. It was here that the great Sheikh Bahautdin Nakshbandi lived. He was a central figure in the development of the mystical Sufi approach to philosophy, religion, and Islam. In Bukhara there are more than 350 mosques and 100 religious colleges. Its assets and decreased by subsequent empires until the 17th one of the great Central Asian khanate Century. In the early part of its history, were the inhabitants of the region from the Iranian camp and spoke an Eastern Iranian language called Khwarezmian. The city of Khiva was first reported by Muslim travelers in the 10th Recorded century, although archaeologists assert that the city since 6 Century existed. In the early 17th Century Khiva was the capital of the Khanate of Khiva, ruled by a branch of the Astrakhan Genghisid a dynasty.
Samarkand is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, prospering from its location on the trade route between China and Europe (Silk Road). At times Samarkand is one of the largest cities in Central Asia. Founded circa 700 BCE it was already the capital of the Sogdian satrapy under the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia when Alexander the Great conquered it in 329 BC.
At the beginning of the 8th Century Samarkand came under Arab control. Of 6 to 13 Century it grew larger and more modern than most populous Samarkand and was developed by the Western Turks, Arabs, Persians Samanids, Kara-Khanid Turks, Seljuk Turks, Kara-Khitan, and Khorezmshah before they sacked by the Mongols under Genghis Khan controlled in 1220. 1365, a revolt against Mongol control occurred in Samarkand. In 1370 Timur the Lame decided, or Tamerlane to Samarkand the capital of his empire, which extended from India to Turkey. During the next 35 years he built a new city and populated it with artisans and craftsmen from all the places he had conquered. In 1499 the Uzbek Turks took control of Samarkand. The Shaybanids emerged as the Uzbek leaders at or about this time.
In the 16th Century attracted the Shaybanids their capital to Bukhara and Samarkand went into decline. After an attack by the Persian King Nadir Shah, the city was in the 18th Abandoned century, around 1720 or a few years latter. Since 1784, Samarkand was ruled by the emirs of Bukhara. The city came under Russian rule after the citadel had been taken by a force under Colonel Alexander Abramov in 1868. Abramov, now a general, was the first Governor of the Military Okrug which the Russians established on the route of the river Zeravshan, with Samarkand as the administrative center. The Russian part of the city was built after this date, especially in the west of the old town.
The city later became the capital of the Samarkand Oblast of Russian Turkestan and grew in importance still further when the Trans-Caspian railway reached the city in 1888. It became the capital of the Uzbek SSR in 1925 before being replaced by Tashkent in 1930.
Nurata is an ancient city was founded BC by Alexander the Great in 327. The remains of this military fortress rise above the city and the water supply of Alexander the Great installed is partly still in use today. The fort is located in the south of modern nurata away. It is one of the oldest and most important archaeological monuments in the region. The fortress consisted of several parts, with Shahristan (the inner city) 500x500 meters in size, with the that was surrounded by a large wall and towers. The construction of a fortress on nurata had a specific purpose, as the city is set in a strategic location on the border between an agricultural area and a wild steppe. This area is mentioned in several historical chronicles as an important strategic area convenient for collecting an army before the attack on neighboring countries and as a refuge for rebels and outsiders.
The city is also famous as a Muslim pilgrimage. During the 10th Century pilgrims from Bukhara and other places came to the holy graves right next to the city walls and mosques. Currently, the pilgrim is the holy sites.
The construction Kariz, a unique underground water pipeline system near nurata is also connected with the name of Alexander the Great. Kariz is an old water line from the source of the spring water to a place where they could be used set. Its length could reach several kilometers. Crosslinked wells which were dug into several meters from each other, were used for the cleaning of the pipeline system. Today, the process of reviving this old piping systems is taking place. Parts of the pipeline systems near nurata have been restored and are used by the local population.
Shakhrisabz, is the birthplace of Tamerlane, 160 km from Samarkand, in a small valley, surrounded by the foothills of the Pamir Mountains. It was just a small town at the time of Tamerlane, but at his behest, his descendants continued the development Shakhrisabz long after his death.
Among the monuments Tamerlane's time are the remains of the huge portal of the Ak - Saray palace, which took 20 years to build and was destroyed by Abdulla Khan of Bukhara in the XVII century.
The funeral Dorussiadat Complex includes a mausoleum for two sons of Tamerlane is Jahangir and Umar Sheikh, an outstanding example of architecture Khorazmian Khorazmian by slaves in the second half of the XIV century. Again, a mausoleum is built for Timur himself several years before his death, (although he was eventually buried in Gur - Emir Mausoleum in Samarkand). Arranged in the form of a tent, the crypt of the mausoleum (the only part that survived) has only one marble left open grave with its lid, waiting Tamerlane. The walls of the crypt are very easy to design in the shape of a teardrop, and set up an inscription in Arabic reading: "A wise and powerful man should look for the advantage in any situation and act on their own, where, like a fool waiting for the effect of the other. "
In later times the grave complex was expanded and developed at the time of Ulugbek an adjoining burial ground - the Dorustilavat, to family members who lived in Shakhrisabz built. A small square of the Memorial is a mausoleum mosque called Kuk gumbo (The Blue Dome), which was converted into a mosque in the XIX century cathedral.
Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and also of Tashkent Province. The officially registered population of the city in 2006 amounted to 2.1 million euros.
In the Middle Ages, the city and the province were known as "Chach". Later, the city came as Chachkand / Chashkand be known, meaning "Chach City." After the 16th Century, the name was steadily changed slightly from Chachkand / Chashkand to Tashkand ("Tash" in Turkish language means "stone" and "kand" means "town") and then to Tashkent. Tashkent is in a well-watered plain to the west of the last Altai mountains on the road between Shymkent and Samarkand. Tashkent sits at the confluence of the river Chirchik and some of its tributaries and is based on deep alluvial deposits built (up to 15 meters). It is a lively tectonic area suffering large numbers of tremors and some earthquakes. An earthquake in 1966 measured 7.5 on the Richter scale. The local time in Tashkent is UTC / GMT +5 hours.
Duration: 2 days
Day 1: Tashkent-Urgench-Khiva
Transfer to airport and fly at 05:45 clock at 07:00 Urgench. Arrival in Urgench at 08:40 clock where you met ad to the hotel in Khiva (30 km) can be driven.
The tour, conducted by a local guide who will start the visit Ichan-Qala fortress, which includes a UNESCO World Heritage Site and excursion to Kunya-Ark, Said the mausoleum of Alauddin, the Madrasah of Muhammad Amin Khan, Ak-Maszhid mosque Madrasa of Khoja Byrd Biy, Shigazikhan, Juma Mosque, Madrasa of Allakulikhan, Tashhauli Palace, the Mausoleum of Pahlavan Mahmud and Islam-Khoja minaret. Evening at leisure. Overnight at hotel.
2 Tag: Khiva - Urgench - Tashkent
Excursion to the ruins of the ancient fortress of Ayaz-Kala and Toprak-Kala outside of Khiva away. Back to Khiva in the afternoon. Free time. Transfer to the airport at 18:50 clock Urgench and fly to Tashkent at 20:40 clock. Arrival in Tashkent at 22:40 clock and transfer to hotel.
• Hotel accommodation with breakfast
• Air tickets Tashkent-Urgench-Tashkent
• Guided tour of Khiva and Kalas
• admission to the museums, mausoleums and other sights mentioned in the program
• All drop off / pick up to / from the airport
Duration: 2 days
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