Karakol, the administrative center of Issyk-Kul region. The city is located in the eastern part of Issyk-Kul, at the mouth of Karakol River at the foot of Terskey Ala-Too, at an altitude of 1770 m above sea level, 13 km from the coast of Lake Issyk-Kul. In Bishkek, Karakol city is connected motorway 403 km in length. Summer in Karakol moderately hot, with average monthly temperatures in July around 18 ° C. Frequent snowfalls in winter. The snow cover of 20 cm - 30 cm lasts about 140 days. The average monthly temperature in January is about -10 ° C. The annual rainfall is up to 570 mm of rainfall. The maximum precipitation falls in summer, at least - for the winter. Relative humidity 60% - 65%. Karakol was founded in 1869 as an administrative center of the county. Place for the city was selected on the caravan route to Kul'dzha.
Also in 1869 was made by Russian military topographers plan of the city. Was adopted by a rectangular grid of streets: the city was divided into small rectangular blocks, each of which is divided into sections. In 1881 it was completely built on six quarters. In the last quarter of the 19th century. in a wooden Orthodox church on a brick plinth. The city's population grew in the beginning mainly due to the displaced Uzbeks, Tatars, Uighurs, Russian and Ukrainian.
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